Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Mohamed Bazoum
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou


Government Name:
Republic of Niger
Adopted: 2010; Enacted as law by referendum following the coup d'etat of the previous President Mamdou Tandja which was organized by a junta called "Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy". The constitution aims to create sustainable democratic institutions.
Government Type:
Semi-Presidential Republic
Republic of Niger Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Niger

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

A high-risk political and economic situation and an often very difficult business environment can have a very significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very high. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

President and Prime Minister share executive power.

President elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system and prime minister appointed by president.

4 years


Constitutional Court has jurisdiction over constitutional and electoral matters. The High Court of Justice deals with cases involving senior government officials.

Constitutional Court is nominated by the president, national assembly, peer judges, peer lawyers, and from within Nigerien society. High Court of Justice selected from among the legislature and judiciary.

Constitutional Court: 6 years; High Court of Justice: 5 years


Has oversight of the executive in voting on legislation, overriding a presidential veto, voting no confidence in the prime minister, and the reserved right of nominating the prime minister.

105 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 8 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets