Economic Trivia

90% of the population works in agriculture, and it accounts for 33% of the economy.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2016): China, Kenya, and Uganda
Top 3 Exported Goods (2016): Coffee & Spices, Oil & Mineral Fuels, and Ores

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Cement; Agricultural Products; Small-Scale Beverages; Soap

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $27,698,509,346 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 8.607% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $2,252 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 137/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) -0.313% (2018)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $5,488,383,662 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 33.2% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 17.881% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 2.492% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($746,888,300) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 6,374,891 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 66.057% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 9.102% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 24.841% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 0.992% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $3,245,701,304 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $1,651,805,298 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 38.87% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $305,520,734 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $648,026,929 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Rwanda’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank