Economic Trivia

90% of the population works in agriculture, and it accounts for 33% of the economy.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2016): China, Kenya, and Uganda
Top 3 Exported Goods (2016): Coffee & Spices, Oil & Mineral Fuels, and Ores

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Cement; Agricultural Products; Small-Scale Beverages; Soap

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $22,802,984,391 (2016)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 5.932% (2016)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $1,913 (2016)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 138/194 (2016)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 5.725% (2016)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $2,783,188,000 (2016)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 33.2% (2017)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 16.932% (2015)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 6.257% (2016)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,098,700,358) (2015)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 6,197,549 (2017)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 75.33% (2012)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 6.75% (2012)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 16.25% (2012)
Unemployment Rate 2.384% (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $2,776,828,543 (2016)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $1,260,583,969 (2016)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 36.263% (2016)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $254,451,666 (2016)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $469,433,835 (2015)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Rwanda’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank