People [1]

People

Population 15,893,219 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 2.874 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 96.279 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 46.141 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 74 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 57.397 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 0.347 billion kWh (2018) #168
Consumption 0.323 billion kWh (2018) #171
Exports 0 billion kWh (2019) #95
Imports 0 billion kWh (2019) #112
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.017 billion kWh (2019) #158

Oil

Ranking
Production 0 thousand bbl/day (2020) #121
Consumption 5.893 thousand bbl/day (2018) #165
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2021) #99

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #119
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #57
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #85
Proved Reserves 0.2 trillion cu ft (2021) #85

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 52 (2020)
Cellular Telephones 7,653,040 (2018 est.)
Internet Users 203,366 (2016 est.)
Telephones 74,800 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Total Area637,657 sq. km
Land Area627,337 sq. km
Water Area10,320 sq. km
Coastline3,025 km
Climateprincipally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Terrainmostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north
Lowest PointIndian Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Shimbiris 2,416 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020