Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Moon Jae-in
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Lee Nak-yeon


Government Name:
Republic of Korea
Adopted: 1987; Protects individual rights in additional to economic provisions, such as stable and balanced growth rates, proper distribution of income, and preventing abuse of economic power.
Government Type:
Republic of Korea Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Korea

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

The political and economic situation is good. A basically stable and efficient business environment nonetheless leaves room for improvement. Corporate default probability is low on average. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

Commander-in-chief of the armed forces, appoints prime minister and supreme court judges, and is in charge of executory tasks of the government.

Plurality vote.

5 years


The supreme court is independent of the government and is highest court in the land. The constitutional court interprets the constitution.

Supreme court chief justice appointed by the president with the consent of the National Assembly; other justices appointed by the president upon the recommendation of the chief justice and consent of the National Assembly. Constitutional court justices appointed - 3 by the president, 3 by the National Assembly, and 3 by the supreme court chief justice.

6 years


Approves nominations by the president, can impeach the president, in charge of creating legislature.

246 seats elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 54 seats through closed-list proportional representation.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
National Tax Service
Tax Name:


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets