Economic Trivia

Privately owned firms account for vast majority of industrial output, of which the engineering sector accounts for about 50% of output and exports.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): Germany, Norway, and Netherlands
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Industrial Machinery, Motor Vehicles & Parts, and Electrical Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Iron and Steel; Precision Equipment (Bearings, Radio and Telephone Parts, Armaments); Wood Pulp and Paper Products; Processed Foods

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $617,907,203,164 (2021)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 4.801% (2021)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $59,324 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 38/197 (2021)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.163% (2021)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) Data unavailable
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 49.1% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 1.887% (2006)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 12.631% (2021)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $34,683,526,031 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 5,559,530 (2021)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 1.604% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 17.71% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 80.687% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 8.661% (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $262,928,170,986 (2021)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $290,233,735,993 (2021)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 59.975% (2021)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $18,317,588,084 (2020)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $78,330,901,907 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Sweden’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank