Key Figures

Chief of State:
President of the Swiss Confederation Doris Leuthard
Head of Government:
President of the Swiss Confederation Doris Leuthard

Overview

Government Name:
Swiss Confederation
Constitution:
Adopted: 1999; This is the current and third constitution. It establishes the Swiss Confederation as a federal republic of 26 cantons, contains a catalogue of individual and popular rights, establishes the responsibilities of the cantons/Confederation, and establishes the federal authorities of government.
Government Type:
Confederation (similar in structure to a Federal Republic)
Swiss Confederation Flag
Coat of Arms of Swiss Confederation

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

A1
The political and economic situation is very good. A quality business environment has a positive influence on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very low on average. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1
Executive

Each Federal Councilor heads a government department, much like the ministers in the governments of other countries.

President is appointed by parliament, Council of States (Standerat/Council des Etats/ Consiglio degli Stati) 6 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 40 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

President: 1 year; Council of States: 4 years

Judicial

Hear appeals of cantonal courts or the administrative rulings of the federal administraton.

Elected by Federal Assembly.

6 years

Legislative

Possesses the federal government's legislative power, along with the separate constitutional right of citizen's initiative.

National Council (Nationalrat/Conseil National/Consiglio Nazionale) 195 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies and 5 members are elected by a plurality system.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Federal Tax Administration
Tax Name:
VAT

Sources:

  1. ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
  2. EY, http://www.ey.com
  3. CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/