Economic Trivia

The agriculture sector accounts for 25% of employment.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): Germany, Russia, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Motor Vehicles & Parts, Industrial Machinery, and Iron & Steel

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Textiles; Food Processing; Autos; Electronics

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $2,591,454,561,953 (2021)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 10.986% (2021)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $30,472 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 13/197 (2021)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 19.596% (2021)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $435,889,447,921 (2020)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 42.3% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) Data unavailable
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 21.984% (2021)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($13,693,000,000) (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 32,618,920 (2021)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 18.02% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 26.074% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 55.906% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 13.386% (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $292,006,667,158 (2021)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $288,570,559,149 (2021)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 60.926% (2021)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $7,831,000,000 (2020)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $57,832,000,000 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Turkey’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank