Economic Trivia

The agriculture sector accounts for 25% of employment.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): Germany, Russia, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Motor Vehicles & Parts, Industrial Machinery, and Iron & Steel

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Textiles; Food Processing; Autos; Electronics

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $2,316,406,545,201 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.827% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $28,139 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 13/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 15.177% (2019)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $445,139,146,166 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 42.3% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) Data unavailable
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 19.047% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $8,830,000,000 (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 33,368,909 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 18.376% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 26.308% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 55.316% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 13.49% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $236,243,526,634 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $227,780,558,156 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 52.936% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $8,472,000,000 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $58,237,000,000 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Turkey’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank