People [1]

People

Population 85,042,736 (2021)
Population Growth Rate 0.831 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 48.932 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 76.569 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 8.1 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 77.928 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 316.32 billion kWh (2021) #13
Consumption 282.97 billion kWh (2021) #15
Exports 4.19 billion kWh (2021) #38
Imports 2.33 billion kWh (2021) #54
Renewable Electricity Generation 115.61 billion kWh (2021) #13

Oil

Ranking
Production 84.4 thousand bbl/day (2021) #52
Consumption 980.91 thousand bbl/day (2021) #21
Exports (Refined) [3] 8.475 thousand bbl/day (2013) #67
Imports (Refined) [3] 513.5 thousand bbl/day (2013) #20
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.366 billion bbl (2021) #51

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 13.455 billion cu ft (2015) #73
Consumption (Dry) 2,091.88 billion cu ft (2021) #16
Exports (Dry) 13.55 billion cu ft (2021) #46
Imports (Dry) 2,067.93 billion cu ft (2021) #8
Proved Reserves 0.134 trillion cu ft (2021) #91

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 98 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 80,117,999 (2018 est.)
Highways 67,333 km (2018)
Internet Users 46,838,412 (2016 est.)
Railways 12,710 km (2018)
Telephones 11,633,461 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSoutheastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Total Area783,562 sq. km
Land Area769,632 sq. km
Water Area13,930 sq. km
Coastline7,200 km
Climatetemperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Terrainhigh central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges
Lowest PointMediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest Point Mount Ararat 5,137 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020