People [1]

People

Population 84,339,067 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 1.084 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 49.083 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 76.105 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 8.6 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 77.691 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 293.823 billion kWh (2020) #15
Consumption 263.952 billion kWh (2020) #17
Exports 2.484 billion kWh (2020) #47
Imports 1.888 billion kWh (2020) #55
Renewable Electricity Generation 128.779 billion kWh (2020) #12

Oil

Ranking
Production 78.427 thousand bbl/day (2020) #53
Consumption 923.153 thousand bbl/day (2020) #21
Exports (Refined) [3] 8.475 thousand bbl/day (2013) #67
Imports (Refined) [3] 513.5 thousand bbl/day (2013) #20
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.366 billion bbl (2021) #51

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 13.455 billion cu ft (2015) #73
Consumption (Dry) 1,575.23 billion cu ft (2019) #23
Exports (Dry) 26.817 billion cu ft (2019) #40
Imports (Dry) 1,592.385 billion cu ft (2019) #11
Proved Reserves 0.134 trillion cu ft (2021) #91

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 98 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 80,117,999 (2018 est.)
Highways 67,333 km (2018)
Internet Users 46,838,412 (2016 est.)
Railways 12,710 km (2018)
Telephones 11,633,461 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSoutheastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Total Area783,562 sq. km
Land Area769,632 sq. km
Water Area13,930 sq. km
Coastline7,200 km
Climatetemperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Terrainhigh central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges
Lowest PointMediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest Point Mount Ararat 5,137 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020