People [1]

People

Population 82,319,724 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 1.49 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 49.55 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 75.143 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 9.1 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 77.437 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 283.086 billion kWh (2017) #15
Consumption 247.851 billion kWh (2017) #16
Exports 3.304 billion kWh (2017) #43
Imports 2.728 billion kWh (2017) #50
Renewable Electricity Generation 86.471 billion kWh (2017) #15

Oil

Ranking
Production 72.969 thousand bbl/day (2018) #53
Consumption 955.83 thousand bbl/day (2018) #22
Exports (Refined) [3] 8.475 thousand bbl/day (2013) #67
Imports (Refined) [3] 513.5 thousand bbl/day (2013) #20
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.324 billion bbl (2019) #50

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 13.455 billion cu ft (2015) #73
Consumption (Dry) 1,892.812 billion cu ft (2017) #15
Exports (Dry) 22.248 billion cu ft (2017) #41
Imports (Dry) 1,946.596 billion cu ft (2017) #6
Proved Reserves 0.17 trillion cu ft (2019) #89

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 98 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 80,117,999 (2018 est.)
Highways 67,333 km (2018)
Internet Users 46,838,412 (2016 est.)
Railways 12,710 km (2018)
Telephones 11,633,461 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSoutheastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria
Total Area783,562 sq. km
Land Area769,632 sq. km
Water Area13,930 sq. km
Coastline7,200 km
Climatetemperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Terrainhigh central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges
Lowest PointMediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest Point Mount Ararat 5,137 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020