• The Portuguese arrive in modern-day Angola.

  • Angola becomes a major Portuguese trading area for slaves, supplying Brazil and the Americas with slave labor.

  • Slave trade is officially abolished by the Portuguese government.

  • Anti-Portuguese revolts erupt at coffee plantations, resulting in 50,000 deaths. Forced labor is abolished and rebels are emboldened.

  • Following a coup in Portugal, Angola becomes independent. The country endures violence and civil war between political parties for the next 30 years.

  • Oil production in Angola reaches one million barrels per day.

  • Angola begins a $5 billion sovereign wealth fund to funnel the country's oil wealth into investment projects.

  • José Eduardo dos Santos, the president since 1979, steps down and is replaced by João Lourenço. 


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