Economic Trivia

Romania is the largest producer of motor vehicles in Eastern Europe.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2015): Germany, Italy, and Hungary
Top 3 Exported Goods (2015): Electrical Machinery, Motor Vehicles & Parts, and Industrial Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Electric Machinery and Equipment; Textiles and Footwear; Light Machinery and Auto Assembly; Mining

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $424,474,231,139 (2015)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 3.737% (2015)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $21,403 (2015)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 42/193 (2015)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) -0.593% (2015)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $111,289,915,000 (2014)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 42% (2015)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 3.726% (2015)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 23.043% (2013)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($2,008,263,268) (2015)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 9,527,721 (2014)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 25.4% (2014)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 30.1% (2014)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 44.5% (2014)
Unemployment Rate 7% (2014)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $74,062,361,135 (2015)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $73,127,992,611 (2015)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 74.11% (2014)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $3,890,534,974 (2015)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $19,920,358,724 (2014)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Romania’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank