People [1]

People

Population 19,466,145 (2018)
Population Growth Rate -0.621 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 51.225 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 53.998 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 6.1 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 75.41 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 61.072 billion kWh (2017) #48
Consumption 51.185 billion kWh (2017) #49
Exports 7.735 billion kWh (2017) #26
Imports 4.842 billion kWh (2017) #40
Renewable Electricity Generation 24.14 billion kWh (2017) #33

Oil

Ranking
Production 88.09 thousand bbl/day (2018) #50
Consumption 210.022 thousand bbl/day (2017) #56
Exports (Refined) [3] 1.234 thousand bbl/day (2013) #76
Imports (Refined) [3] 111.2 thousand bbl/day (2013) #42
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.6 billion bbl (2019) #42

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 402.591 billion cu ft (2015) #43
Consumption (Dry) 408.7 billion cu ft (2017) #45
Exports (Dry) 0.777 billion cu ft (2017) #53
Imports (Dry) 42.731 billion cu ft (2017) #58
Proved Reserves 3.725 trillion cu ft (2019) #51

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 45 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 22,675,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 84,185 km (2012)
Internet Users 12,852,696 (2016 est.)
Railways 11,268 km (2014)
Telephones 3,660,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine
Total Area238,391 sq. km
Land Area229,891 sq. km
Water Area8,500 sq. km
Coastline225 km
Climatetemperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
Terraincentral Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps
Lowest PointBlack Sea 0 m
Highest Point Moldoveanu 2,544 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020