People [1]

People

Population 19,586,539 (2017)
Population Growth Rate -0.589 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 49.508 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 53.936 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 6.6 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 75.012 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 62 billion kWh (2016) #47
Consumption 50 billion kWh (2016) #49
Exports 9.2 billion kWh (2016) #24
Imports 4.2 billion kWh (2016) #43
Renewable Electricity Generation 27 billion kWh (2016) #32

Oil

Ranking
Production 90 thousand bbl/day (2017) #51
Consumption 200 thousand bbl/day (2016) #57
Exports (Refined) [3] 1.234 thousand bbl/day (2013) #76
Imports (Refined) [3] 111.2 thousand bbl/day (2013) #42
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.6 billion bbl (2018) #41

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 403 billion cu ft (2015) #43
Consumption (Dry) 409 billion cu ft (2017) #45
Exports (Dry) 0.8 billion cu ft (2017) #53
Imports (Dry) 43 billion cu ft (2017) #58
Proved Reserves 3.7 trillion cu ft (2018) #49

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 45 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 22,900,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 84,185 km (2012)
Internet Users 12,852,696 (2016 est.)
Railways 11,268 km (2014)
Telephones 4,110,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine
Total Area238,391 sq. km
Land Area229,891 sq. km
Water Area8,500 sq. km
Coastline225 km
Climatetemperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
Terraincentral Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps
Lowest PointBlack Sea 0 m
Highest Point Moldoveanu 2,544 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017