People [1]

People

Population 19,356,544 (2019)
Population Growth Rate -0.597 annual % (2019)
Age Dependency Ratio 52.355 % of working-age population (2019)
Urban Population 54.084 % of total (2019)
Infant Mortality Rate 5.7 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 75.359 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2019)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 57.516 billion kWh (2019) #51
Consumption 55.008 billion kWh (2019) #48
Exports 3.975 billion kWh (2019) #38
Imports 5.493 billion kWh (2019) #35
Renewable Electricity Generation 24.671 billion kWh (2019) #38

Oil

Ranking
Production 88.005 thousand bbl/day (2019) #49
Consumption 208.197 thousand bbl/day (2018) #57
Exports (Refined) [3] 1.234 thousand bbl/day (2013) #76
Imports (Refined) [3] 111.2 thousand bbl/day (2013) #42
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.6 billion bbl (2020) #43

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 402.591 billion cu ft (2015) #43
Consumption (Dry) 404.913 billion cu ft (2018) #46
Exports (Dry) 0.912 billion cu ft (2018) #53
Imports (Dry) 54.008 billion cu ft (2018) #56
Proved Reserves 3.725 trillion cu ft (2020) #52

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 45 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 22,675,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 84,185 km (2012)
Internet Users 12,852,696 (2016 est.)
Railways 11,268 km (2014)
Telephones 3,660,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine
Total Area238,391 sq. km
Land Area229,891 sq. km
Water Area8,500 sq. km
Coastline225 km
Climatetemperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
Terraincentral Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps
Lowest PointBlack Sea 0 m
Highest Point Moldoveanu 2,544 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 1/31/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020