Media and Communications: Regulatory Agencies
The Flemish Regulator for the Media (VRM) consists of a chamber that regulates telecommunications in Belgium. The VRM can issue or suspend licenses to radio broadcasting networks, determine relevant markets for the broadcasts, supervise legislation compliance, and protect consumers by solving disputes.
The Afghanistan Telecom Regulatory Authority (ATRA) regulates broadcasting, post, and telecommunications in Afghanistan. Its site contains information regarding regulations and licensing within the industry, policies and guidelines, recent news, upcoming events, and statistics.
The Electronic and Postal Communications Authority (AKEP) is the regulatory agency for post and electronic communication in Albania. AKEP creates regulatory policies for operators and they monitor compliance with these regulations. AKEP also promotes investment and technological innovation while managing the radio frequency spectrum, allocating numbers, and ensuring fair competition. This resource is available with very little English translation.
The National Council of Radio and Television of Albania regulates broadcasting by managing the radio frequency spectrum, monitoring compliance with regulation and policies by operators, granting licenses to producers, ensuring quality, appropriate broadcasts, and resolving conflicts from consumers. The Albanian version of the site provides more information in laws and can be accessed here.
The Regulatory Authority of Post and Telecommunications (ARPT) regulates the post, broadcasting, and telecommunications in Algeria. The ARPT is responsible for granting operating permits, giving recommendations to producers, managing the radio frequency spectrum, ensuring fair competition, improving technology & equipment, and protecting consumers. Only available in Arabic and French.
The Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology (MTTI) of Angola sets policies and regulation for telecommunications, IT, and postal services. MTTI represents Angola in international telecommunications, grants licenses to operators, promotes the growth of industry technologies, mediates disputes, and protects consumers. Only available in Portuguese.
The National Entity of Communications (ENACOM) regulates the audiovisual sector in Argentina by implementing and enforcing regulatory policies while also granting operation permits. ENACOM protects consumers by providing easy access to broadcasts, ensuring fair prices, and monitoring the quality and appropriateness of broadcasts. Only available in Spanish.
The Public Services Regulatory Commission (PSRC) regulates many industries in Armenia including electricity, natural gas, water, and electronic communications. For communications, the PSRC grants licenses to operators, monitors the radio frequency spectrum, allocates resource to broadcasters, sets regulations & standards, and monitors producers' compliance with legislation.
The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) is responsible for the regulation of broadcasting, internet, radiocommunications, and telecommunications. ACMA's responsibilities include promoting competition in these sectors, protecting consumers, developing equipment standards, managing the radio frequency spectrum, and representing Australia's communications internationally. The website provides resources for businesses, consumers, and the community on relevant topics regarding the ACMA and its regulated industries.
The Austrian Regulatory Authority for Broadcasting and Telecommunications (RTR) consists of two divisions: "media and telecommunications" and "postal service." The RTR regulates these divisions by granting operating licenses to producers, setting standards and regulatory policies, ensuring compliance with legislation, mediating disputes, and encouraging the growth of technology in the sectors. The website provides information for consumers, telecom operators, and media service providers.
The National TV and Radio Council (NTRC) regulates broadcasting in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The NTRC regulates broadcasts by managing the radio frequency spectrum, granting licenses and resources to operators, protecting consumers from inappropriate and inefficient broadcasts, and encouraging technological innovations. Although an English version of the site is available, the majority of the pages are only available in Azerbaijani.
The Utilities Regulation and Competition Authority (URCA) regulates electronic communications and broadcasting in the Bahamas, as well as controlling the spectrum and numbering systems. URCA promotes fair competition in the sectors, ensures quality, appropriate radio & TV broadcasts, mediates disputes, and ensures operators comply with legislation and permits.
The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) is responsible for the regulation of telecommunications & post in Bahrain. The TRA promotes effective and fair competition in the industry, while also encouraging the development of technologies and promoting investment. The TRA also grants licenses to operators, sets equipment standards, and protects users by mediating disputes.
The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC) regulates telecommunications by granting licenses and permits to operators, setting regulations and standards, monitoring compliance with legislation, setting tariffs, promoting fair competition, mediating disputes among consumers and operators, and encouraging technological innovation and investment.
The Telecommunications Unit of Barbados (TU) is responsible for promoting competition in the industry, ensuring the spectrum is easily available, developing and implementing regulatory policies, encouraging technological innovation, protecting users, and effectively managing the spectrum, numbering system, and domain names. On the site you can find resources related to Barbados domains, government notices, application forms, and types of licenses.
The Ministry of Communications and Informatization regulates the telecommunications, post, and audiovisual sectors in Belarus. The website includes ministry information, a press center, management practices, projects, news for investors, and online services.
The Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications (BIPT) supervises both the postal and telecommunications sectors. BIPT sets standards for producers such as prices, tariffs, and equipment standards. BIPT strives to protect consumers from unfair prices and inefficient services, and the institute solves consumer complaints and disputes.
The Media Council of the German Speaking Community of Belgium is responsible for regulating audio-visual media among German speakers in Belgium. The council regulates the broadcasting sector by granting licenses to operators, setting equipment standards, monitoring compliance with legislation and standards, managing the radio frequency spectrum, and encouraging technological innovations. Some information only available in German.
The Superior Audiovisual Council (CSA) regulates the audiovisual sector in Belgium for non-German speaking citizens. The council mainly assigns broadcasting licenses for TV and radio, monitors operators' compliance with laws, and ensures quality, appropriate broadcasts. Only available in French.
The Transitory Authority for the Regulation of Posts and Telecommunications of Benin (ATRPT) is responsible for defining standards and regulations for telecommunications producers. ATRPT grants licenses and permits to operators, arbitrates disputes between consumers and operators. In addition, ATRPT sets tariffs and prices, defines technical requirements of equipment, and enforces the numbering plan for telecommunications. Only available in French.
The Regulatory Authority for Telecommunications and Transportation, also known as Autoridad de Regulación y Fiscalización de Telecomunicaciones y Transportes (ATT), regulates communications, transportation, and post in Bolivia. Examples of the authority's responsibilities for the communications sector include granting licenses, setting tariffs, managing the radio frequency spectrum, developing new equipment, and setting standards for the equipment. Only available in Spanish.
The Communications Regulatory Agency (CRA) regulates communication and broadcasting in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The site contains information and regulations on telecommunications, broadcasting, radio spectrum management, and news.
The Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA) is responsible for the regulation of the telecommunications, postal, internet, and broadcasting sectors. The site provides information about the responsibilities of BOCRA, its projects, and a list of documents and legislation pertaining to telecommunications.
The National Telecommunications Agency (ANATEL) regulates telecommunications, post, and broadcasting in Brazil. ANATEL promotes fair competition in the industry while also promoting the innovation of equipment. ANATEL also monitors the radio frequency, implements legislation & standards, and arbitrates disputes among consumers and operators. Site is only available in Portuguese.
The Authority for Info-Communications Technology Industry (AITI) of Brunei is responsible for telecommunications, radio, and ICT industry development. The AITI accomplishes this regulation by granting licenses, monitoring the radio frequency spectrum, protecting consumers by resolving disputes, encouraging innovation and investment, establishing equipment standards, and much more.
The Communications Regulation Commission (CRC) regulates communications in Bulgaria. The CRC monitors the radio frequency spectrum, grants licenses to operators, regulates the post, arbitrates disputes, and monitors operators' compliance with legislation. The site contains news related to the CRC, available E-services from the commission, and archives of annual reports and other practical information.
The Council for Electronic Media (CEM) is a regulatory agency of Bulgaria that is responsible for electronic communications, especially the broadcasting of radio and TV. The CEM regulates broadcasts by setting standards and regulations that operators must comply with. The CEM also arbitrates disputes, protects the freedoms of consumers, and promotes fair competition in the industry. The site is only available in Bulgarian.
The Regulation Authority of Communications and Electronics Post (ARCE) regulates electronic communication in Burkina Faso. ARCE grants licenses to broadcasting operators and monitors their products to ensure they adhere to regulatory legislation. ARCE monitors the frequency spectrum, resolves disputes, encourages the development of new equipment, and more. This website is only available in French.
The Regulatory Agency for Telecommunications (ARCT) is responsible for regulating communications in Burundi. ARCT regulates by processing applications for licenses, establishing standards for equipment and operation, arbitrating disputes, ensuring fair competition, managing the frequency spectrum, and more. Only available in French.
The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications is responsible for implementing regulatory policies in the fields of post, telecommunications, and information technologies in Cameroon. The Ministry grants licenses to communications operators, provides training of employees in the sectors, ensures appropriate and efficient products, encourages technological innovation, encourages investment, and much more. Only available in French.
Innovation, Science and Economic Development is charged with increasing Canada's share of global trade and building a fair, efficient, and competitive marketplace. The organization is responsible for the regulation of Canada's airwaves and for protecting and promoting the interests of Canadian consumers. This resource allows users to apply for radio licenses, browse federal regulations, and report frauds and scams, among many other functions. Extensive trade statistics are also available under the "all topics" tab. These reports provide detailed information on imports, exports, countries of origin, and destinations for Canadian trade.
The Canadian Radio-Television & Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulates both broadcasting and communications in Canada. The CRTC issues broadcasting licenses, makes decisions on mergers, approves tariffs, encourages competition in the communications sector, provides information about broadcasting and communications, and resolves disputes from consumers.
The National Communications Agency (ANAC) regulates telecommunications, broadcasting, internet, and post in Cape Verde. ANAC manages the radio spectrum, grants licenses to operators, promotes competition among networks, encourages investment, promotes innovation of technology, and protects consumers by providing cheap, accessible services. This website is only available in Portuguese.
The Office of Telecommunications Regulation (OTRT) regulates communications in Chad. The OTRT implements legislation and standards, approves pricing and tariffs, arbitrates disputes, and ensures competition in the industry. Only available in French.
The National Television Committee, also known as Consejo Nacional de Televisión (CNTV), regulates Chilean television by ensuring the broadcasts are divulging accurate information. The CNTV receives and handles complaints by users, promotes the development of new technology, grants licenses to TV broadcasters, and ensures easy access to television while also also featuring various publications. Only available in Spanish.
The Undersecretary of Telecommunications, also known as Subsecretaría de Comunicaciones (SUBTEL), regulates communication services in Chile. SUBTEL is in charge of creating legislation for producers as well as granting licenses, monitoring services according to regulations, resolving disputes among consumers and producers, and developing new technology to improve the telecommunications sector. The site provides sector reports and statistics related to the TV, telephone, and internet industry. Only available in Spanish.
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China (MIIT) regulates IT in China by fairly allocating resources to producers, forming regulations and standards, monitoring producers' compliance with regulations, mediating disputes among consumers and operators, and developing efficient technology. The website provides forms for businesses to submit projects for government's approval. It also provides data on information technology. The site is only available in Chinese.
The State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT) is responsible for regulating broadcasting in China. SARFT grants licenses to operators, regulates radio spectrum frequencies, allocates resources to operators, determines equipment standards, and ensures appropriateness of broadcasts in order to protect consumers. The site contains information such as media policies and regulations, administration agency, publishing procedures, and so on. This resource is only available in Chinese.
The Communications Regulation Commission, also known as Comisión de Regulación de Comunicaciones (CRC), regulates communications by promoting fair competition, issuing regulations and permits to operators, determining standards for equipment, monitoring services, and resolving conflicts among consumers and operators. The site contains information about the CRC, its ongoing projects, the telecommunications industry as a whole, and citizen services. Recent press releases and other important notices are also available.
The National Regulation Authority of Information and Communications Technology (ANRTIC) regulates ICT in Comoros. The ANRTIC approves tariffs, enforces fair competition, promotes low prices, manages frequencies, approves equipment, ensures operators' compliance with legislation, and also promotes the interests of consumers. Only available in French.
The Telecommunications Regulatory Agency of Cote d'Ivoire (ARTCI) enforces regulations regarding telecommunications. A few of ARTCI's duties include defining standards for operators to comply with, determining prices of services, issuing operating permits, and managing radio frequencies. Some features of the site are only available in French.
The Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries (HAKOM) goal is to promote stability, competition, and growth in the electronic communications and postal services market. The site provides market analysis and other information for both operators and consumers in the network industries.
The Cyprus RadioTelevision Authority (CRTA) has three main duties: the issuance of permits, examination of complaints, and international relations. The CRTA issues standards and legislation that operators must comply with, and the CRTA monitors their services. The CRTA mediates disputes and strives to protect consumers and ensure their rights. Lastly, the CRTA forms networks of regulators with foreign countries to enhance cooperation and investment.
The Council for Radio and Television Broadcasting (RRTV) regulates broadcasting in the Czech Republic. The RRTV supervises broadcasting operators to ensure their compliance with legislation, grants licenses, and monitors broadcasting content. In addition, RRTV advises broadcasting operators, manages frequencies and territorial ranges of frequencies, regulates disputes among consumers and producers, and much more.
The Czech Telecommunication Office regulates electronic communications and postal services in the Czech Republic. The office also regulates the markets and business conditions and also works to ensure fair economic competition. The website provides resources including publications, information on consumer protection, and telecommunications.
The Agency for Post and Electronic Communication (ARPCE) regulates telecommunications in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ARPCE's responsibilities include managing frequencies, developing equipment standards, setting tariffs, promoting competition, mediating consumer disputes, among other things. Only available in French.
The Danish Business Authority is responsible for contributing to sustainable economic development and increasing Denmark's competitiveness. In addition, the authority is also responsible for regulating competition in the telecommunications and internet market. This site details the responsibilities of the the authority and regulations within the telecommunications sector.
The National Council of Telecommunications, also known as Consejo Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (CONATEL), is the body that regulates telecommunications in Ecuador, which includes managing the radio spectrum. CONATEL creates policies and regulations that are then implemented by the Ministry of Telecommunications. CONATEL also grants licenses to operators and promotes high competition within their regulatory framework. Its site contains information about the council itself, its programs and services, and recent news. Only available in Spanish.
The Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Society, also known as Ministerio de Telecomunicaciones y Sociedad de la Información (MINTEL), regulates telecommunications and information technology in Ecuador, among other fields. MINTEL implements policies for operators to comply with and also gives advice to operators, promotes competition, and ensures efficient and quality products. The site contains information about the ministry, its programs and services, related publications, and recent news. Only available in Spanish.
The National Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (NTRA) oversees telecommunications in Egypt. The three main responsibilities of the NTRA are policy and licensing, competition safeguards, and interconnection regulation between licensed operators. This site provides updates on the industry as well as a list of approved devices and various forms.
The Superintendency of Electricity and Telecommunications, also known as Supertendencia General de Electicidad y Tekecomunicaciones (SIGET), regulates both electricity and telecommunications in El Salvador. Its website provides a variety of information regarding electricity and telecommunications. It also provides a service guide, news, publications, and announcements.
Telecommunication services in Ethiopia are provided under a monopoly in the control of Ethio Telecom, formerly the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC). Ethio Telecom regulates telecommunications by ensuring quality telecom services, authorizing and monitoring frequencies, specifying technical standards, regulating tariffs, regulating equipment, and licensing operators of telecom services.
The Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA) is a body of the Ministry of Transport and Communications and its main purpose is to regulate communications and electronic media in Finland. The site provides industry news and general information about the Internet, telephone, TV, radio, postal, cyber security, and spectrum industries.
The Ministry of Transport and Communications is responsible for both transportation policy and communications policy in Finland. The site provides information on transport and communication policies, industry issues, and press releases.
The French Telecommunications and Post Regulator (ARCEP) regulates telecommunications and postal services. The site provides news, publications, major files, and reports concerning the industry.
The Higher Audiovisual Council (CSA) is responsible for regulating broadcasting in France. The CSA allocates frequencies to broadcasters, protects consumers, resolves disputes, and ensures the protection of French culture in broadcasts. The site provides general information about the council, television and radio, interactive services, press releases, and legal documents.
The Georgian National Communications Commission (GNCC) regulates electronic communications, broadcasting, and postal services. The website of the GNCC includes information about the commission, regulations, legal acts, and news.
The Federal Network Agency (BNA) is a body that regulates the telecommunications and postal sectors in Germany, among other sectors such as electricity, gas, and railway markets. For telecommunications and post, the BNA is responsible for securing fair competition, promoting telecommunications in public institutions, securing efficient frequencies, and protecting consumers by resolving problems. The BNA website provides information to users about their responsibilities in each of their respective areas along with pertinent stakeholder information.
The Media Authorities are in charge of regulating radio and television in Germany and granting licenses to broadcasting operators to ensure that producers fulfill the requirements of legislation. The authorities also strive to create a level playing field in the industry, while also safeguarding the interests of consumers, by mediating disputes and developing equipment standards.
The National Communications Authority (NCA) regulates telecommunications in Ghana by granting licenses for operation, ensuring fair competition among licensees, monitoring the quality of service, setting equipment standards, protecting consumers by providing safeguard mechanisms, and coordinating frequencies with neighboring countries. The site provides information for consumers and stakeholders, licensing and relevant projects, and recent news.
The Hellenic Telecommunications and Post Commission (EETT) regulates the electronic communications and postal services sectors in Greece. The EETT supervises service operators, grants licenses, ensures consumer protection, promotes fair competition, and promotes innovation and investment. Information is provided on the website for consumers, electronic communication operators, and postal services operators.
The Superintendency of Telecommunications (SIT) is a technical body of the Ministry of Communications, Infrastructure, and Housing in Guatemala. SIT manages the operation of the radio spectrum, grants licenses to telecommunications providers, resolves disputes, ensures producer compliance with legislation, and promotes international treaties and agreements. This website is only available in Spanish.
The National Telecommunications Commission (CONATEL) regulates the telecommunications sector in Honduras. CONATEL promotes the modernization of telecommunications equipment, private investment, and free and fair competition. The CONATEL website provides news and notices, regulations, and information about the services they provide. Only available in Spanish.
The Communications Authority (CA) regulates the telecommunications and broadcasting sectors in Hong Kong. The CA briefs officials and proposes legislation and regulatory policies relating to the sectors. The authority grants service licenses, deals with complaints, manages the radio frequency spectrum, develops equipment, and enforces legislation. CA's site contains a media library with press releases, publications, and data and statistics. Specific information regarding policies, regulation, and licensing is also available on the website.
The National Media and Infocommunications Authority (NMHH) regulates media, electronic communications, and postal and IT services in Hungary. The authority manages radio frequency, issues licenses to operators, promotes the innovation of equipment, maintains competitive, friendly relationships among producers, and promotes investment into the industries. The site includes news, legislation, market data, and links to other important European organizations.
The Ministry of the Interior is responsible for regulating the post and telecommunications sectors in Iceland. The main areas of responsibility include transportation, security, and immigration. The roles of the Ministry are to issue licenses to telecommunications providers, mediate disputes, promote the innovation of equipment, and ensure appropriate broadcasts to protect the consumer.
The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is responsible for both the telecom and broadcasting sectors in India. The TRAI issues licenses to operators and creates regulations for them to comply with. The site provides regulations, directions, recommendations, and consultations for consumers and companies in regards to telecommunication.
The Indonesian Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (BRTI) is in charge of regulating Indonesia's telecommunications sector. The site includes general information on BRTI, events, press releases, news, and current policies. Only available in Indonesian.
The Broadcasting Authority of Ireland (BAI) regulates all broadcasting content by granting licenses to operators and ensuring their compliance, promoting technological innovation, and promoting fair competition in the industry. The BAI strives to protect consumers by ensuring high quality, affordable, and appropriate broadcasts. The site includes current projects, publications, information on licensing, and lists of broadcasters.
The Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg) is responsible for the regulation of the electronic communications sector, which includes telecommunications, radio communications, and broadcasting transmission, as well as the postal sector. The main roles of ComReg are to protect consumers by resolving disputes and ensuring quality products, promotion of competition, and encouraging innovation. Their site includes publications, consultations, licensing, and services.
The Ministry of Communications is responsible for regulating telecommunications in Israel. Examples of the ministry's duties include formulating regulatory policies, supervising providers and ensuring their compliance with legislation, supervising the postal authority, setting tariffs, and managing the electromagnetic spectrum.
The Second Authority for Radio and Television regulates the broadcasting market in Israel. Examples of duties include determining legislation and ensuring the compliance with these regulations, examining broadcast schedules, and ensuring the appropriateness and truthfulness of broadcasts.
The Authority for Communications (AGCOM) regulates communications in Italy by implementing licenses to operators, promoting fair and accessible competition, resolving disputes, protecting copyrights, and supervising the quality and appropriateness of communication products to protect consumers. The site provides statistics on telecommunications in Italy, information on postal services, and access to a user section for consumers. This website is only available in Italian.
The Broadcasting Commission in Jamaica is responsible for monitoring and regulating broadcast radio and television. The commission monitors licensees and ensures their compliance with regulations, which the commission creates. Site includes information on services provided by the commission as well as a library of broadcasting laws, regulations, and codes which open in PDF.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) regulates the information, communications, and postal services sectors, along with several other systems such as administrative organizations, electoral systems, and disaster prevention. The MIC promotes the fair competition of these sectors while also developing new technological systems for information and communications. The MIC grants licenses to operators and sets tariffs and taxes for regulation.
The Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (TRC) is responsible for regulating the telecommunications, information technology, and postal sectors in Jordan. The TRC establishes policies for all operators to comply with, and they also grant licenses to all operators. The site lists the commission's laws and by-laws, the regulatory framework in place, consumer information, licensing, and publications.
The Communications Authority of Kenya is responsible for facilitating the development of the information and communications sector in Kenya. The authority grants licenses to all operators in the sector, which includes telecommunications, postal, courier, and broadcasting. The website provides users with statutes and regulations, research and statistics, and publications on annual reports, licensing, and current strategies.
The Independent Media Commission (IMC) is responsible for the regulation of the broadcasting frequency spectrum in the Republic of Kosovo. The IMC grants licenses to broadcasters, promotes a competitive industry, resolves disputes among producers, and implements policies to those who provide audio and audiovisual media services.
The Electronic Communications Office regulates the telecommunications sector in Latvia. The office issues operation permits, manages the radio frequency spectrum, resolves disputes among consumers and operators, and develops new communications technology. Its site contains basic information about the office itself, its activities and functions, and its commercial services. Links to related international institutions are also available in the "international cooperation" section of the website. Site only available in Latvian.
The National Electronic Mass Media Council regulates the electronic media sector in Latvia by registering broadcasting permits to operators, resolving disputes between consumers and operators, ensuring appropriateness of broadcasts to protect viewers, and promoting competitiveness in the industry.
The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) regulates the telecommunications sector in Lebanon. The website includes information on consultations, regulations, decisions, circulars, licensing, market data, and cybersecurity. The site also includes regulatory and cybersecurity news, as well as a calendar of events.
The Lesotho Communications Authority (LCA) is in charge of regulating the communications sector of the country. The site includes information on applying for a license, application forms, complaint lodging, regulation, press releases, and documents available for download such as important legislation.
The Liberia Telecommunications Authority (LTA) is responsible for mandating the telecom sector through monitoring the compliance of licensees. The LTA advises the minister on policies regarding the telecommunications sector. They establish and maintain the radio spectrum while also resolving disputes between service providers and consumers. They also encourage sustainable domestic and foreign investment, as well as the use of new and efficient technologies.
The Ministry of Communication and Informatics regulates telecommunication and information technology in Libya. They propose laws and regulations, and monitor the compliance of these regulations among service providers. The ministry determines prices and sets standards for communication. They promote competition in the industries and strive to protect consumer interests in the communication sector. Available only in Arabic.
The Radio and Television Commission of Lithuania is responsible for the regulation of radio and television broadcasts. The commission grants licenses to service providers and ensures their compliance with legislation. It also allocates radio frequencies for broadcasting and transmitting radio and television programs.
The Luxembourg Institute of Regulation (ILR) is responsible for regulating communications and postal services, among other areas such as the railway sector and transportation. The ILR grants license to providers and monitors their activities to ensure quality and efficacy. The ILR also acts as a mediator for disputes among industries and complaints by consumers. This website is only available in French.
The National Programming Council (CNP) is responsible for the regulation of audiovisual media in Luxembourg. They closely monitor the programs to ensure the protection of minors from inappropriate or offensive material. The CNP mediates disputes and complaints from consumers while also promoting the development of new audiovisual technology. Some features on the site are only available in French.
The Bureau of Telecommunications Regulation (DSRT) is responsible for monitoring the communications and postal sectors in Macau. The DSRT grants licenses to service providers and ensures their compliance, while also protecting consumers by promoting fair competition and cheap prices. This site provides regulatory information and statistics. Some content is only available in Portuguese and Chinese.
The Agency for Audio and Audiovisual Media Services regulates the broadcasting sector of the country. The site includes information on members of the council, news, sessions, legislation, broadcasters, operators, publications, and forms.
The Regulatory Authority of Madagascar Communication Technologies (ARTEC) grants licenses and ensures compliance with regulations in the communications and radio sectors. ARTEC promotes the development of new technologies to enhance telecommunications as wells as manages the frequency spectrum for the radio industry. Only available in French.
The Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) makes regulations that govern the communications sector in Malawi. MACRA issues licenses to providers, and then monitors compliance with these rules and regulations. MACRA mediates disputes and complaints by industry members or consumers, and they also strive to protect the interests of consumers through quality communications. The website provides information on the organizational structure, policy and legislation, and licensing.
The Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) implements and enforces laws pertaining to communications and multimedia. The site provides information on industry sectors and contains databases of publications, statistics, and legislation. An events calendar is also displayed.
The Malta Broadcasting Authority monitors and regulates all radio and television broadcasts in the Maltese Islands. The broadcasting authority ensures producers' compliance with legal and license obligations. They also work to solve controversies in the industries and ensure consumer interests by promoting affordable and quality programs.
The Malta Communications Authority (MCA) is responsible for the regulation of the electronic communications sector, e-commerce, and the postal sector. The MCA is responsible for promoting competition, protecting consumers, and encouraging innovation.
The Regulatory Authority of Mauritania is responsible for telecommunications and post, as well as the regulation of water and electricity. The authority ensures that producers comply with the law and are protecting the interests of users with fair prices and quality services. This site serves as an overview of the various areas of regulation of the authority and contains a number of publications created by the authority. Website is only available in French.
The Federal Telecommunications Institute (IFT) is an independent government agency that is responsible for regulating telecommunication and broadcasting services. The site provides information about the industry, relevant statistical information, resources, and relevant announcements. This site is only available in Spanish.
The Council for Coordination on the Audiovisual Activity (CCA) in Moldova is responsible for ensuring a competitive market in the audiovisual sector. The CCA grants licenses to providers and ensures the compliance of these rules. The Council also promotes technological advances in the audiovisual industry. This website is only available in Romanian.
The National Regulatory Agency for Electronic Communications and Information Technology (ANRCETI) is responsible for regulating activity in the electronic communications and information technology sectors. They promote competition and ensure that users benefit with fair prices and quality of services in communications and information. The site includes news, consultations, legislation, and statistics.
The Agency for Electronic Media of Montenegro is the regulatory body for the production and broadcasting of electronic communication. The site provides information about various laws and regulations, broadcasters, and various documents.
The High Authority of Audiovisual Communication (HACA) is responsible for the sector of audiovisual communication, which includes television and radio. HACA grants licenses for audiovisual services and ensures the compliance with these legal provisions. HACA also ensures the quality of radio frequencies for broadcast programs.
The National Agency of Telecommunications Regulation (ANRT) is responsible for the telecommunication and post sectors in Morocco. ANRT promotes both fair competition in the telecoms market and scientific research in order to enrich the field. ANRT also acts as a mediator for complaints in order to protect consumers' rights.
The National Communications Institute of Mozambique (INCM) regulates and supervises the communications sector, as well as spectrum management of radio frequencies. The INCM grants licenses to communication services and monitors compliance with the legislation. They also promote the development of efficient media technology. Only available in Portuguese.
The Communications Regulatory Authority of Namibia (CRAN) regulates the telecommunications, broadcasting, and postal sectors of Namibia. CRAN promotes competition among industries while also protecting the interests of consumers by providing easy, cheap, quality access to communications. The site provides information for consumers and stakeholders about events, procedures, and campaigns. PDF versions of licensing documents and various media releases are free to download.
Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) aims to make telecommunication services easily available to the public while also maintaining competition. NTA grants licenses to operators, and they also regularly monitor activities carried out by these providers to ensure high quality of service. NTA settles disputes for consumers and also between telecommunications providers.
The Dutch Media Authority (CvdM) grants licenses to broadcasters of audiovisual content in the Netherlands. CvdM monitors compliance with this legislation and serves to protect consumers' interests by ensuring appropriate and accurate information in the broadcasts. CvdM also promotes the advancement of technology within the media sector and promotes more regulations on online advertising to provide monitored media content. Basic information about the structure of the agency and select reports are available in English, although the majority of the website is only available in Dutch.
The Broadcasting Standards Authority (BSA) oversees the entire broadcasting system, which includes TV and radio. The main purpose of the BSA is to deal with complaints through research and interpreting legislation and standards. They also serve to protect the rights of New Zealand residents by ensuring broadcasting services are available and affordable. Additionally, they provide news on recent developments in their complaints division and release periodic newsletters with updates of various broadcast outlets.
New Zealand's Commerce Commission is responsible for enforcing legislation in the telecommunications sector, among other sectors such as electricity and airport. The Commission promotes fair competition and prices, and they produce legislation in order to achieve this fairness. They also act as a mediator for disputes in the industries.
The Regulatory Authority for Telecommunications and Post (ARTP) is responsible for regulation activities for postal services and telecommunications, among other areas like water and energy. ARTP monitors the communication services, ensures fair prices, ensures quality service, supports the development of enhanced sectors and mediates disputes in the postal and communications industries. This website is only available in French.
The Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) facilitates investments into the Nigerian communications markets. The NCC ensures that producers abide by their license agreements and promote fair competition in the industry. They also adopt and enforce technical standards for communications equipment. The website contains general information about the organization as well as industry statistics, legal information, licensing, media, and events.
The Ministry of Transport and Communications aims to provide good infrastructure for electronic and postal communications and an effective, universally accessible, safe, and environmentally friendly transport system. This site includes relevant posts and news for the transportation and telecommunications industry in Norway.
The Norwegian Media Authority encourages diversity and quality in Norwegian media. The authority promotes modernization of technology through digitization. In addition the authority grants licenses to producers and serves as a consultant by guiding rules and legislation. Some parts of website only available in Norwegian.
The Norwegian Communications Authority (Nkom) is an autonomous agency of the Ministry of Transport and Communications. Nkom monitors post and telecommunications producers' compliance with legislation and license requirements. The site provides overview information of the agency, current news headlines related to the agency, laws and regulations, and features on topics related to the media and communications industry.
The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) strives to improve nationwide access to mass media. The site provides legislation, licensing, news, publications, and reports.
The Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) regulates the establishment and operation of telecommunications systems and ensures that they protect the interests of users. The official website contains information about indicators, licensees, and legislation. The site also provides industry and consumer support.
The National Information & Communications Technology Authority (NICTA) is responsible for the regulation and licensing of information and communication technology in Papua New Guinea. NICTA manages resources and ensures access to information and communication to consumers. NICTA also supervises producer performance and ensures the resolution of complaints in the communications sector. The site provides licensing, regulations, and a public registry.
The Supervisory Agency for Private Investment in Telecommunications, also known as el Organismo Supervisor de Inversión Privada en Telecomunicaciones (OSIPTEL), sets tariffs for public telecommunications services. OSIPTEL also issues regulations to communications producers, deals with sector complaints, and supervises broadcasts. OSIPTEL's website provides background information on the functions of the agency, news about the Peruvian telecommunications industry, and contact information. This website is mainly available in Spanish, although there is some English information available.
The National Broadcasting Council (KRRiT) of Poland controls broadcasters' activities in regards to laws and license agreements. They study content and reception of radio and television programs and also propose scientific improvements in the broadcasting sector. The KRRiT website provides information for consumers and broadcasters about fees and regulations within the sector as well as recent news.
The Office of Electronic Communications (UKE) supervises the telecommunications services and intervenes in issues and complaints. UKE promotes the advancement of technology for electronic communication and post. UKE also serves to protect consumers by issuing licenses to communication providers. Their website offers information about recent activity within the sector, laws, and general consumer issues.
The National Communications Authority, also known as Autoridade Nacional de Comunicações (ANACOM) is responsible for the electronic and post sectors in Portugal. ANACOM is responsible for market regulation by promoting competition and guaranteeing network access, while also promoting technological advancements. ANACOM also ensures the application of laws and they deal with complaints regarding post and electronics.
The Regulatory Authority for Media, also known as Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicação Social (ERC) consists of a regulatory board that defines and implements licenses and other regulatory action. The ERC protects consumers' rights and they also promote a competitive market for communications, while also developing new technology to ensure the efficacy of the media sector. This website is only available in Portuguese.
The National Audiovisual Council (CNA) is responsible for regulating the audio visual sector in Romania and for ensuring that TV and radio operate in the environment of free speech, responsibility, and competitiveness. The site provides information about regulations, recent news, various reports and studies, and publications.
The National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications (ANCOM) aims to provide a competitive environment in the communications market, while protecting interests and maintaining fair prices for consumers. In addition, ANCOM encourages innovation and efficient investments in infrastructure and manages scarce resources. The site provides information about industry, studies and statistics, legislation, and recent news.
The Ministry of Communications of the Russian Federation implements licenses to producers involved in information technology, telecommunications, publishing or electronic media. The ministry also serves as the postal administration of the Russian Federation. The ministry works to protect media users and ensure a competitive field by developing efficient technology.
The Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency (RURA) regulates telecommunications, along with other public utilities, in Rwanda. RURA grants licenses and deals with complaints in the communications sector. The agency promotes research and development for new, efficient equipment and protects consumers rights.
The Communications and Information Technology Commission (CITC) works to promote a competitive climate for the information and communications sectors in Saudi Arabia. The CITC develops new information technologies and protects the public interest of telecommunications users. They also grant licenses to services and manage tariffs while supervising the entire sector. The site includes media, studies and reports in PDF format.
The Regulatory Authority for Telecommunications and Posts (ARTP) promotes fair competition for the benefit of telecommunications users in Senegal. The ARTP promotes jobs and drafts laws and regulations regarding telecommunications and posts. The ARTP also makes regulatory decisions regarding equipment, conditions for licensing, and determining abuses.
The Regulatory Agency for Electronic Communications and Postal Services (RATEL) ensures the efficacy and quality of communications in the Republic of Serbia. RATEL implements legislation and regulatory frameworks for communications operators. The agency also promotes competitiveness nationally and internationally.
The National Telecommunications Commission of Sierra Leone (NATCOMSL) promotes fair competition among telecommunications operations. NATCOMSL grants licenses and implements regulations to protect consumers and operators. The commission also work to ensure universal availability of efficient and cost-effective telecommunications services. This website offers a breadth of information on topics including licensing, regulations, and legal policies.
The Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) of Singapore seeks to build a competitive and sustainable media industry while fostering technological innovation and encouraging collaboration between local and international media corporations. The site contains infocomm and media news, as well as information on industry development, regulations, and the industry community within Singapore.
The Council for Broadcasting and Retransmission is responsible for implementing state regulation in broadcasting, retransmission, and audiovisual media services in Slovakia. The council oversees compliance of these sectors and also protects consumers by providing easy access to communication. Although an English version is available, the vast majority of the content is only available in Slovak.
The Agency for Communication Networks and Services of the Republic of Slovenia (AKOS) is an independent organization that regulates and supervises the electronic communications market. AKOS manages and supervises the radio frequency spectrum in the Republic of Slovenia and performs tasks in the field of radio and television broadcasting. In addition, the agency regulates and supervises the postal and railway service markets.
The Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) imposes licenses and regulations on broadcasters, signal distributors, providers of telecommunication services, and postal services. ICASA promotes international cooperation, protects the rights of consumers, and resolves complaints within the communications sector. The website includes information on consumer protection, legislation, and online systems.
The Korea Communications Commission (KCC) is responsible for broadcasting and telecommunications in South Korea. The KCC produces legislation and regulation to ensure the expansion and personalization of the communications sector. The KCC also focuses on expanding communication technology and promotes fair competition and consumer protection. The site provides information on policy issues and offers market statistical data.
The Catalan Audiovisual Council (CAC) regulates audiovisual communication in Catalonia. The agency is tasked with the regulation and legislation of protecting freedom of speech and freedom of press. The CAC issues reports to parliament and also promotes self-regulation measures in the audiovisual sector. This resource has some English translations but is mostly in Spanish and Catalan.
The Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL) ensures the reliability and efficacy of telecommunication services in Sri Lanka. The TRCSL protects the interests of consumers and purchasers and promotes effective competition in the communications industry. They also promote research and development of new technologies in the telecommunications field.
The National Telecommunications Corporation (NTC) provides regulatory frameworks and safeguards to ensure the fair competition and protection of consumer interests in the telecommunications sector of Sudan. The site contains information about regulations and licensing, recent news, publications, and other media.
The Swaziland Posts & Telecommunications Corporation (SPTC) is composed of two units, SwaziTelecom and SwaziPost. SwaziTelecom is committed to modernizing telecommunication technology and does this by providing a spectrum of global telecommunication through internet services and telephone services. SwaziPost is Swaziland's mover of written communication, which it tries to do in the most cost-effective way.
The Swedish Broadcasting Authority promotes opportunities for diversity and availability in radio and television. The authority decides upon permits, fees and registration, and oversees radio and TV broadcasts. Its mission is to monitor and disseminate knowledge on media development. Site provides an overview of the licensing and content regulation functions of the authority as well as news updates regarding the telecommunications industry. The site is only available in Swedish.
The Federal Office of Communications (OFCOM) handles issues related to telecommunications, broadcasting, and post. OFCOM is responsible for regulating industries and ensuring the quality of communications. This site provides access to legislation addressing the communications sector as well as a database of facts and figures which includes TV and radio statistics.
The Independent Complaints Authority for Radio and Television (ICA) determines whether broadcasted programs have violated law or telecommunications legislation. The ICA assess complaints concerning radio and television. This full site is only available in German, French, and Italian.
The National Communications Commission (NCC) is responsible for regulating telecommunications and broadcasting services in Taiwan. The NCC seeks to promote development of communications, protect the rights of consumers, and raise national competitiveness in the telecommunications industry. The site offers statistical reports along with access to the commission's acts and regulations.
The Tanzania Communication Regulatory Authority (TCRA) regulates the postal, broadcasting, and telecommunications industries in Tanzania. The TCRA ensures the efficiency of these sectors, and that they are accessible and and technologically advanced. The website has information on policies, legislation, regulations, licensing, and statistics.
The National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) is responsible for the telecoms and broadcasting sectors in Thailand. The NBTC forms policies and regulating legislature to maintain the efficiency and availability of communications for the people.
The Gambian Public Utilities Regulatory Authority (PURA) regulates many sectors, including telecommunications, broadcasting, electricity, water & sewage, and transportation. For the electricity, telecommunications, and broadcasting sectors, PURA grants licenses to operators and ensures their compliance with legislation, regulates the radio frequency spectrum, encourages the development of technologies, and protects consumers by resolving disputes.
The Regulatory Authority for the Postal Sector and Telecommunications (ART&P) is responsible for implementing legislation, determining grants and characteristics for equipment, and issuing licenses and permits for both the postal and telecommunications sectors in Togo. The site provides information about the regulatory framework, scarce resources, and various price and sector indices under the observatory section. In addition, the site provides relevant news and publications. Only available in French.
The Ministry of Information & Communications (MIC) is the main regulating body for all communication services from the government in Tonga and allows citizens to be more aware of government policies, programs, and activities. This website offers news, speeches, member and ministry information, history, and services to give people access to as much government information as possible. Some of the news articles are only available in Tongan.
The Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago is responsible for keeping the telecommunications sector competitive. The Authority is responsible for the liberalization of the sector, and it regulates both the telecommunications and broadcasting sectors. It manages resources, establishes equipment and service quality standards, and sets guidelines to prevent anti-competitive practices.
The National Telecommunications Authority (INT) has decision-making powers regarding conditions and procedures of granting communications access. INT approves tariffs, roaming agreements, and contracts. They also have the power of inquiry into complaints and the communications services themselves. The site is currently only available in French and Arabic, as the English portion of the site is under construction.
The Information and Communication Technologies Authority (ICTA) enacts license agreements, regulates personal telecommunications facilities, and develops standards for telecommunications equipment. ICTA also regulates media inspections and controls and monitors the telecommunications sector.
The Turkish Radio and Television Supreme Council (RTUK) regulates radio and TV broadcasts, ensuring the appropriateness and efficiency of broadcasts. RTUK also handles technological innovations and strives to improve the media sector. Some features are only available in Turkish.
The Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) is responsible for the policy formation and guidance of telecommunications in Uganda. The UCC site provides information about industry affairs, programs, and upcoming events. Users can also find a library of publications related to the media and communications industry in Uganda.
The National Commission for the State Regulation of Communications (NCCIR) is responsible for licensing and registration procedures for telecommunications in Ukraine. The NCCIR ensures the efficacy and quality of telecommunications in Ukraine.
The State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting issues broadcasting licenses, monitors TV and radio operations in compliance with legislation, introduces sanctions, and works to improve the technology of the telecommunications industry in Ukraine.
The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) safeguards competition in the media industry and protects the interest of telecommunications users. The TRA encourages investment, development, and education of telecommunications, as well as strives to implement the best practices in regulation and supervision of media and telecommunications. The site provides service information, regulations, and market statistics.
The Office of Communications (Ofcom) in the United Kingdom regulates TV and radio sectors, mobiles, postal services, and airwaves. Ofcom ensures the efficacy of communication and competitiveness in the media industry. The site provides information regarding Ofcom's policies and guidelines, annual reports and plans, and available job opportunities within the industry.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable. The FCC promotes competition, innovation, and investment in telecommunications services. They also revise media regulations to account for new technologies and innovations.
The Regulatory Unit of Communication Services, also known as the Unidad Reguladora de Servicios de Comunicaciones, regulates and the controls the activities of telecommunications and postal services in Uruguay. This includes ensuring universal access to services, the promotion of competition in the media industry, setting tariffs that reflect the economy, and maintaining the protection of users' rights. Certain pages of the website are only in Spanish, while other pages of the site are available in English.
The Telecommunications & Radiocommunications Regulator (TRR) of Vanuatu is obligated to create new and amend existing policies in order to encourage open competition and use of communications in the country. The TRR regulates legislation and promotes efficient forms of communication.
The National Commission of Telecommunications in Venezuela (CONATEL), also known as the Comision Nacional de Telecomunicaciones, promotes citizen participation in the regulation and promotion of telecommunications. CONATEL promotes further development of telecommunications and strives to bring the institution to all areas of the country, enhancing the media industry. This website is only available in Spanish.
The Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology (MTIT) of Yemen aims to provide, develop, and expand the spread of telecommunications and postal services in the republic. This site mostly contains information regarding the ministry, its communication foundation, and the postal authority. Only available in Arabic.
The Zambia Information and Communications Technology Authority (ZICTA) is a Zambian agency that regulates all electronic communication products and services, facilitates access to Information Communication Technologies (ICT), protects the rights and interests of service providers and consumers, regulates tariffs in the ICT, and carries out research and development. The site contains all necessary information regarding licensing, regulation, and consumer protection.
The Postal & Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (POTRAZ) is responsible for issuing licenses in the postal and telecommunications sector. The POTRAZ website provides information about the authority itself, licensing, legislation, and consumer protection.