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Regardless of the country's size or geographical location, tourism has always contributed to its economic growth and GDP. Governments tend to invest heavily because it brings in profit while increasing the country's reputation. Especially for developing and island countries, tourism dependency is common because other industries, such as manufacturing, may be less developed due to area, resource, or population limitations.

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Natural disasters have always been detrimental to society. They disturb peoples' lives, destroys infrastructure, and the aftermath can last up to several months. All of these factors affect the global economy in its own way. From 2000-2017 alone, there was an estimate of about $3 trillion economic loss from natural disasters worldwide. Since this number only represents the measurable losses, the actual amount goes way beyond this number.

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The aviation industry has advanced society in numerous ways despite its relatively short existence. Being the fastest and most convenient form of transportation for long-distance travels, people from all over the world fly daily for education, leisure, and business. In fact, airlines have reported a total of 4.1 billion passengers in 2017 alone. One downside of the industry is its price instability. The major determining factor is the cost of fuel, and as we all know, fuel prices are extremely volatile. The International Air Transport Association, an association composed of 290 member airlines, announced at its recent meeting that the profit forecast for 2018 is going to decrease by 12% due to the unexpected increase in fuel prices. According to the Jet Fuel Price Monitor, fuel prices have already increased by 24.97% compared to last year.