Population issues have been a subject of discussion for decades. While overpopulation puts a strain on natural resources, increases conflicts and wars, and causes water shortages and malnutrition, population shrinkage also presents a host of issues. The population on Earth is expected to stabilize and stop growing in 2100, however population growth rates vary drastically by region. Some countries, such as Latvia, Japan, Venezuela, Syria, and Italy, have shrinking populations already, whether it be due to high rates of emigration or a declining birth rate. Let’s dive into the unique set of issues that arise when countries are faced with a shrinking population.